• A Synergistic Approach for Evaluating Climate Model Output for Ecological Applications 

      Cavanagh, Rachel D.; Murphy, Eugene J.; Bracegirdle, Thomas J.; Turner, John; Knowland, Cheryl A.; Corney, Stuart P.; Smith, Walker O.; Waluda, Claire M.; Johnston, Nadine M.; Bellerby, Richard; Constable, Andrew J.; Costa, Daniel P.; Hofmann, Eileen E.; Jackson, Jennifer A.; Staniland, Iain J.; Wolf-Gladrow, Dieter; Xavier, Jose C. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Increasing concern about the impacts of climate change on ecosystems is prompting ecologists and ecosystem managers to seek reliable projections of physical drivers of change. The use of global climate models in ecology ...
    • Arctic Sensitivity? Suitable Habitat for Benthic Taxa Is Surprisingly Robust to Climate Change 

      Renaud, Paul Eric; Wallhead, Philip; Kotta, Jonne; Wlodarska-Kowalczuk, Maria; Bellerby, Richard; Ratsep, Merli; Slagstad, Dag; Kuklinski, Piotr (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Arctic marine ecosystems are often assumed to be highly vulnerable to ongoing climate change, and are expected to undergo significant shifts in structure and function. Community shifts in benthic fauna are likely to result ...
    • Bottom RedOx Model (BROM v.1.1): a coupled benthic–pelagic model for simulation of water and sediment biogeochemistry 

      Yakushev, Evgeny; Protsenko, Elizaveta; Bruggeman, Jorn; Wallhead, Philip; Pakhomova, Svetlana V.; Yakubov, Shamil Kh.; Bellerby, Richard; Couture, Raoul-Marie (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Interactions between seawater and benthic systems play an important role in global biogeochemical cycling. Benthic fluxes of some chemical elements (e.g., C, N, P, O, Si, Fe, Mn, S) alter the redox state and marine carbonate ...
    • Bottom water acidification and warming on the western Eurasian Arctic shelves: Dynamical downscaling projections 

      Wallhead, Philip; Bellerby, Richard; Silyakova, Anna; Slagstad, Dag; Polukhin, Alexander A. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      The impacts of oceanic CO2 uptake and global warming on the surface ocean environment have received substantial attention, but few studies have focused on shelf bottom water, despite its importance as habitat for benthic ...
    • CO2 increases C-14 primary production in an Arctic plankton community 

      Engel, Anja; Borchard, Corinna; Piontek, Judith; Schulz, Kai; Riebesell, Ulf; Bellerby, Richard (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      Responses to ocean acidification in plankton communities were studied during a CO2-enrichment experiment in the Arctic Ocean, accomplished from June to July 2010 in Kongsfjorden, Svalbard (78°56′ 2′′ N, 11°53′ 6′′ E). ...
    • Contrasting responses of DMS and DMSP to ocean acidification in Arctic waters 

      Archer, S.D.; Kimmance, S.A.; Stephens, J.A.; Hopkins, F.E.; Bellerby, Richard; Schulz, K.G.; Piontek, J.; Engel, A. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      Increasing atmospheric CO2 is decreasing ocean pH most rapidly in colder regions such as the Arctic. As a component of the EPOCA (European Project on Ocean Acidification) pelagic mesocosm experiment off Spitzbergen in 2010, ...
    • European policies and legislation targeting ocean acidification in european waters - Current state 

      Galdies, Charles; Bellerby, Richard; Canu, Donata; Chen, Wenting; Garcia-Luque, Enrique; Gasparovic, Blazenka; Godrijan, Jelena; Lawlor, Paul J.; Frank, Maes; Malej, Alenka; Panagiotaras, Dionisios; Beatriz, Martinez Romera; Reymond, Claire E; Rochette, Julien; Stojanov, Robert; Solidoro, Cosimo; Tiller, Rachel Gjelsvik; de Noronha, IsabelTorres; Uścinowicz, Grzegorz; Vaidianu, Natașa; Walsh, Cormac; Guerra, Roberta (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Ocean acidification (OA) is a global problem with profoundly negative environmental, social and economic consequences. From a governance perspective, there is a need to ensure a coordinated effort to directly address it. ...
    • Fluxes of carbon and nutrients to the Iceland Sea surface layer and inferred primary productivity and stoichiometry 

      Jeansson, Emil; Bellerby, Richard; Skjelvan, Ingunn; Frigstad, Helene; Ólafsdóttir, Sólveig R.; Ólafsson, Jón Hjaltalín (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2015)
      This study evaluates long-term mean fluxes of carbon and nutrients to the upper 100m of the Iceland Sea. The study utilises hydro-chemical data from the Iceland Sea time series station (68.00 N, 12.67 W), for the years ...
    • Heterogeneity of impacts of high CO2 on the North Western European shelf 

      Artioli, Yuri; Blackford, Jerry C.; Nondal, Gisle; Bellerby, Richard; Wakelin, Sarah L.; Holt, Jason T.; Butenschön, Momme; Allen, Julian Icarus (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2014)
      The increase in atmospheric CO2 is a dual threat to the marine environment: from one side it drives climate change, leading to modifications in water temperature, circulation patterns and stratification intensity; on the ...
    • Implications of elevated CO2 on pelagic carbon fluxes in an Arctic mesocosm study - an elemental mass balance approach 

      Czerny, Jan; Schulz, Kai G.; Boxhammer, Tim; Bellerby, Richard; Büdenbender, Jan; Engel, Anja; Krug, Sebastian A.; Ludwig, Andrea; Nachtigall, Kerstin; Nondal, Gisle; Niehoff, Barbara; Silyakova, Anna; Riebesell, Ulf (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      Recent studies on the impacts of ocean acidification on pelagic communities have identified changes in carbon to nutrient dynamics with related shifts in elemental stoichiometry. In principle, mesocosm experiments provide ...
    • Influence of Riverine Input on Norwegian Coastal Systems 

      Frigstad, Helene; Kaste, Øyvind; Deininger, Anne; Kvalsund, Karsten; Christensen, Guttorm; Bellerby, Richard; Sørensen, Kai; Norli, Marit; King, Andrew Luke (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Coastal ecosystems are of high ecological and socioeconomic importance and are strongly influenced by processes from land, sea, and human activities. In this study, we present physical, chemical, and biological observations ...
    • Influence of suspended sediment front on nutrients and phytoplankton dynamics off the Changjiang Estuary: A FVCOM-ERSEM coupled model experiment 

      Ge, Jianzhong; Torres, Ricardo; Chen, Changsheng; Liu, Jie; Xu, Yi; Bellerby, Richard; Shen, Fang; Bruggeman, Jorn; Ding, Pingxing (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      High-turbidity water is a common feature in the estuary and inner shelf. Sediment suspension functions as a modulator that directly influences the interactions among nutrients, phytoplankton and other related ecosystem ...
    • Interannual Variabilities of Nutrients and Phytoplankton off the Changjiang Estuary in Response to Changing River Inputs 

      Ge, Jianzhong; Shi, Shenyang; Liu, Jie; Xu, Yi; Chen, Changsheng; Bellerby, Richard; Ding, Pingxing (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Coastal ecosystems are strongly influenced by terrestrial inputs of freshwater, sediments, and nutrients, particularly in a megariver estuary of the Changjiang River. A remarkable increase in nutrient loading from the ...
    • A Neural Network-Based Analysis of the Seasonal Variability of Surface Total Alkalinity on the East China Sea Shelf 

      Liu, Jie; Bellerby, Richard (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Total alkalinity (AT) is an important variable in the regulation of the seawater carbonate chemistry system, determining the capacity to buffer changes in pH. In the coastal oceans, carbonate system dynamics are controlled ...
    • Ocean acidification and human health 

      Falkenberg, Laura J.; Bellerby, Richard; Connell, Sean D.; Fleming, Lora E.; Maycock, Bruce; Russell, Bayden D.; Sullivan, Francis J.; Dupont, Sam (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      The ocean provides resources key to human health and well-being, including food, oxygen, livelihoods, blue spaces, and medicines. The global threat to these resources posed by accelerating ocean acidification is becoming ...
    • The ocean's ultimate trashcan: Hadal trenches as major depositories for plastic pollution 

      Peng, Guyu; Bellerby, Richard; Zhang, Feng; Sun, Xuerong; Li, Daoji (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Plastic debris and marine microplastics are being discharged into the ocean at an alarming scale and have been observed throughout the marine environment. Here we report microplastic in sediments of the Challenger Deep, ...
    • Pelagic community production and carbon-nutrient stoichiometry under variable ocean acidification in an Arctic fjord 

      Silyakova, Anna; Bellerby, Richard; Schulz, Kai G.; Czerny, Jan; Tanaka, Tsuneo; Nondal, Gisle; Riebesell, Ulf; Engel, Anja; De Lange, Tor; Ludvig, Andrea (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      Net community production (NCP) and carbon to nutrient uptake ratios were studied during a large-scale mesocosm experiment on ocean acidification in Kongsfjorden, western Svalbard, during June–July 2010. Nutrient depleted ...
    • Response of halocarbons to ocean acidification in the Arctic 

      Hopkins, Frances E.; Kimmance, Susan A.; Stephens, John A.; Bellerby, Richard; Brussaard, Corina P.D.; Czerny, Jan; Schulz, Kai G.; Archer, Stephen D. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      The potential effect of ocean acidification (OA) on seawater halocarbons in the Arctic was investigated during a mesocosm experiment in Spitsbergen in June–July 2010. Over a period of 5 weeks, natural phytoplankton communities ...
    • Seasonal variation in marine C:N:P stoichiometry: can the composition of seston explain stable Redfield ratios? 

      Frigstad, Helene; Andersen, Tom; Hessen, Dag Olav; Naustvoll, L..J.; Johnsen, Torbjørn Martin; Bellerby, Richard (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2011)
      Seston is suspended particulate organic matter, comprising a mixture of autotrophic, heterotrophic and detrital material. Despite variable proportions of these components, marine seston often exhibits relatively small ...
    • Temporal biomass dynamics of an Arctic plankton bloom in response to increasing levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide 

      Schulz, Kai G.; Bellerby, Richard; Brussaard, Corina P.D.; Büdenbender, Jan; Czerny, Jan; Engel, Anja; Fischer, Matthias; Koch-Klavsen, Signe; Krug, Sebastian A.; Lischka, Silke; Ludwig, Andrea; Meyerhöfer, Michael; Nondal, Gisle; Silyakova, Anna; Stuhr, Annegret; Riebesell, Ulf (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      Ocean acidification and carbonation, driven by anthropogenic emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2), have been shown to affect a variety of marine organisms and are likely to change ecosystem functioning. High latitudes, ...