• Are We Speaking the Same Language? Recommendations for a Definition and Categorization Framework for Plastic Debris 

      Hartmann, Nanna; Huffer, T; Thompson, Richard C.; Hassellöv, Martin; Verschoor, Anja; Daugaard, Anders E.; Rist, Sinja; Karlsson, Therese; Brennholt, Nicole; Cole, Matthew; Herrling, Maria P; Hess, Maren C; Ivleva, Natalia P; Lusher, Amy; Wagner, Martin (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      The accumulation of plastic litter in natural environments is a global issue. Concerns over potential negative impacts on the economy, wildlife, and human health provide strong incentives for improving the sustainable use ...
    • Bypass of Booming Inputs of Urban and Sludge-Derived Microplastics in a Large Nordic Lake 

      Clayer, Francois; Jartun, Morten; Buenaventura, Nina T; Guerrero, Jose-Luis; Lusher, Amy (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      Microplastic research, initially focusing on marine environments, left freshwater ecosystems largely unexplored. Freshwaters are also vulnerable to microplastics and are likely the largest microplastic supplier to the ...
    • Chitinase digestion for the analysis of microplastics in chitinaceous organisms using the terrestrial isopod Oniscus asellus L. as a model organism 

      Kallenbach, Emilie; Hurley, Rachel; Lusher, Amy; Friberg, Nikolai (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      Chitinaceous organisms have been found to ingest microplastic; however, a standardised, validated, and time- and cost-efficient method for dissolving these organisms without affecting microplastic particles is still required. ...
    • Contaminants in coastal waters of Norway 2017 

      Green, Norman Whitaker; Schøyen, Merete; Hjermann, Dag Øystein; Øxnevad, Sigurd; Ruus, Anders; Lusher, Amy; Beylich, Bjørnar; Lund, Espen; Tveiten, Lise Ann; Håvardstun, Jarle; Jenssen, Marthe Torunn Solhaug; Ribeiro, Anne Luise; Bæk, Kine (NIVA-rapport;7580, Research report, 2021)
      This programme examines the levels, trends and effects of contaminants in biota along the coast of Norway. The 2017-investigation included analyses of 93 different contaminants or biological effect parameters in five species ...
    • Frequent sampling of microplastic particles in surface waters in the open parts of the Kattegat and Great Belt, Denmark 

      Lusher, Amy; Singdahl-Larsen, Cecilie; Jaccard, Pierre Franqois; van Bavel, Bert; Valestrand, Louise; Harvey, E. Therese; Andersen, Jesper Harbo (NIVA-rapport;7601, Research report, 2021)
      The EU Marine Strategy Framework Directive require that EU Member States establish appropriate strategies and sampling programmes for microplastic in the marine environment. We report the results of a second study sampling ...
    • Freshwater microplastics in Norway: A first look at sediment, biota and historical plankton samples from Lake Mjøsa and Lake Femunden 

      Lusher, Amy; Buenaventura, Nina Tuscano; Eidsvoll, David; Thrane, Jan-Erik; Økelsrud, Asle; Jartun, Morten (NIVA-rapport;7326, Research report, 2018)
      The Norwegian Environment Agency (Miljødirektoratet) tasked NIVA to investigate the presence of microplastics in one of Norway’s largest freshwater ecosystems, Lake Mjøsa, using monitoring methods which have been recently ...
    • Is It or Isn’t It: The Importance of Visual Classification in Microplastic Characterization. 

      Lusher, Amy; Bråte, Inger Lise Nerland; Munno, Keenan; Hurley, Rachel; Welden, Natalie A (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Microplastics are a diverse category of pollutants, comprising a range of constituent polymers modified by varying quantities of additives and sorbed pollutants, and exhibiting a range of morphologies, sizes, and visual ...
    • Isolation and Extraction of Microplastics from Environmental Samples: An Evaluation of Practical Approaches and Recommendations for Further Harmonisation 

      Lusher, Amy; Munno, Keenan; Hermabessiere, Ludovic; Carr, Steve (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Researchers have been identifying microplastics in environmental samples dating back to the 1970s. Today, microplastics are a recognized environmental pollutant attracting a large amount of public and government attention, ...
    • Joint effort among research infrastructures to quantify the impact of plastic debris in the ocean 

      Conchubhair, Diarmuid Ó; Fitzhenry, Deirdre; Lusher, Amy; King, Andrew L; van Emmerik, Tim; Lebreton, Laurent; Ricaurte-Villota, Constanza; Espinosa, Luisa; O'Rourke, Eleanor (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      Marine debris is one of the most significant problems facing the marine environment, endangering wildlife, polluting oceans and is an issue which holds global significance. Plastics constitute a large proportion of marine ...
    • Marine litter: One of the major threats for marine mammals. Outcomes from the European Cetacean Society workshop 

      Panti, Cristina; Baini, M; Lusher, Amy; Hernandez-Milian, Gema; Rebolledo, Elisa L. Bravo; Unger, Bianca; Syberg, Kristian; Simmonds, Mark P.; Fossi, Maria Cristina (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Marine litter is a pollution problem affecting thousands of marine species in all the world's seas and oceans. Marine litter, in particular plastic, has negative impacts on marine wildlife primarily due to ingestion and ...
    • Microplastics distribution in the Eurasian Arctic is affected by Atlantic waters and Siberian rivers 

      Yakushev, Evgeniy; Gebruk, Anna; Osadchiev, Alexander; Pakhomova, Svetlana; Lusher, Amy; Berezina, Anfisa; van Bavel, Bert; Vorozheikina, Elena; Chernykh, Denis; Kolbasova, Glafira; Razgon, Ilia; Semiletov, Igor (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      Plastic pollution is globally recognised as a threat to marine ecosystems, habitats, and wildlife, and it has now reached remote locations such as the Arctic Ocean. Nevertheless, the distribution of microplastics in the ...
    • Microplastics in road dust – characteristics, pathways and measures 

      Vogelsang, Christian; Lusher, Amy; Dadkhah, Mona Eftekhar; Sundvor, Ingrid; Umar, Muhammad; Ranneklev, Sissel Brit; Eidsvoll, David; Meland, Sondre (NIVA-rapport;7526, Research report, 2020)
      The expected main contributors to road dust-associated microplastic particles (RAMP) are rubber compounds in tyre treads, polymers used to strengthen the bitumen used in road pavement and thermoplastic elastomers used in ...
    • Miljøgiftundersøkelse av fisk fra Mærradalsbekken og Hovinbekken i 2019 

      Garmo, Øyvind; Bråte, Inger; Buenaventura, Nina; Bæk, Kine; Carlsson, Pernilla; Grung, Merete; Håll, Johnny; Lusher, Amy (NIVA-rapport;7481, Research report, 2020)
      Til sammen 63 ørret og 20 bekkerøye fra fem stasjoner i Hovinbekken og Mærradalsbekken ble analysert for innhold av utvalgtegrunnstoffer i gjelle‐ og levervev, omdannede PAH‐forbindelser i galle, samt mikroplast i magen. ...
    • Miljøgiftundersøkelser av ørret fra Akerselva og Lysakerelva i 2018 

      Garmo, Øyvind Aaberg; Bråte, Inger Lise Nerland; Bæk, Kine; Carlsson, Pernilla Marianne; Grung, Merete; Lusher, Amy (NIVA-rapport;7315, Research report, 2018)
      Til sammen 90 ørret fra tre stasjoner i Akerselva og tre stasjoner i Lysakerelva ble analysert for innhold av utvalgte grunnstoffer i gjelle‐ og levervev, omdannede PAH‐forbindelser i galle, samt mikroplast i fordøyelseskanalen. ...
    • Monitoring of microplastics in Danish marine waters using the Oslo-Kiel ferry as a ship-of-opportunity 

      van Bavel, Bert; Lusher, Amy; Jaccard, Pierre Franqois; Pakhomova, Svetlana; Singdahl-Larsen, Cecilie; Andersen, Jesper Harbo; Murray, Ciaran Joseph (NIVA-rapport;7524, Research report, 2020)
      The EU Marine Strategy Framework Directive require that EU Member States establish appropriate strategies and sampling programmes for microplastic in the marine environment. We report the results of a two-tiered pilot study ...
    • Moving forward in microplastic research: A Norwegian perspective 

      Lusher, Amy; Hurley, Rachel; Arp, Hans Peter H; Booth, Andy; Bråte, Inger Lise Nerland; Gabrielsen, Geir W.; Gomiero, Alessio; Gomes, Tania; Grøsvik, Bjørn Einar; Green, Norman; Haave, Marte; Hallanger, Ingeborg G.; Halsband, Claudia; Herzke, Dorte; Joner, Erik J; Kögel, Tanja; Rakkestad, Kirsten; Ranneklev, Sissel Brit; Wagner, Martin; Olsen, Marianne (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      Given the increasing attention on the occurrence of microplastics in the environment, and the potential envi-ronmental threats they pose, there is a need for researchers to move quickly from basic understanding to applied ...
    • Mytilus spp. as sentinels for monitoring microplastic pollution in Norwegian coastal waters: A qualitative and quantitative study. 

      Bråte, Inger Lise Nerland; Hurley, Rachel; Iversen, Karine; Beyer, Jonny; Thomas, Kevin V; Steindal, Calin Constantin; Green, Norman Whitaker; Olsen, Marianne; Lusher, Amy (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Microplastic (MP) contamination is ubiquitous in the environment and many species worldwide have been shown to contain MP. The ecological impact of MP pollution is still unknown, thus there is an urgent need for more ...
    • Occurrence of pearls in mussels (Mytilus spp.) from the Norwegian coast 

      Bråte, Inger Lise Nerland; Buenaventura, Nina Tuscano; Lusher, Amy (NIVA-rapport;7308, Research report, 2018)
      Mussels (Mytilus spp.) from the Norwegian coast produce pearls, up to as many >360 pearls per individual, and it seems to be a southern-northern gradient with more pearls in mussels from the south than from the north. Out ...
    • The plight of camels eating plastic waste 

      Eriksen, Marcus; Lusher, Amy; Nixon, Mia; Wernery, Ulrich (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      Ecological impacts of plastic pollution are widespread, in all biomes and geographies. Here, we report the ingestion of anthropogenic waste, primarily plastic bags and rope by dromedary camels (Camelus dromedarius) in the ...
    • Proceed with caution: The need to raise the publication bar for microplastics research 

      Provencher, Jennifer F; Covernton, Garth A; Moore, Rhiannon C; Horn, Dorothy A; Conkle, Jeremy L; Lusher, Amy (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Plastic is a ubiquitous contaminant of the Anthropocene. The highly diverse nature of microplastic pollution means it is not a single contaminant, but a suite of chemicals that include a range of polymers, particle sizes, ...