• A snap shot of the short-term response of crustaceans to macrophyte detritus in the deep Oslofjord 

      Ramirez-Llodra, Eva; Rinde, Eli; Gundersen, Hege; Christie, Hartvig; Fagerli, Camilla With; Fredriksen, Stein; Gitmark, Janne Kim; Norling, Karl; Walday, Mats Gunnar; Norderhaug, Kjell Magnus (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      A test deployment of a time-lapse camera lander in the deep Oslofjord (431 m) was used to obtain initial information on the response of benthic fauna to macroalgal debris. Three macroalgal species were used on the lander ...
    • Benthic Communities on the Mohn’s Treasure Mound: Implications for Management of Seabed Mining in the Arctic Mid-Ocean Ridge 

      Ramirez-Llodra, Eva; Hilário, Ana; Paulsen, Emil; Costa, Carolina; Bakken, Torkild; Johnsen, Geir; Rapp, Hans Tore (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      The Mohn’s Treasure, described as an inactive sulfide mound, was discovered at 2,600- m depth on the Arctic Mid-Ocean Ridge (AMOR) in 2002. In 2015, we conducted the first biological survey of Mohn’s Treasure using remotely ...
    • Biotic and human vulnerability to projected changes in ocean biogeochemistry over the 21st century 

      Mora, Camilo; Wei, Chih-Lin; Rollo, Audrey; Amaro, Teresa; Baco, Amy R.; Billett, David; Bopp, Laurent; Chen, Qi; Collier, Mark; Danovaro, Roberto; Gooday, Andrew J.; Grupe, Benjamin M.; Halloran, Paul R.; Ingels, Jeroen; Jones, Daniel O.B.; Levin, Lisa A.; Nakano, Hideyuki; Norling, Karl; Ramirez-Llodra, Eva; Rex, Michael; Ruhl, Henry A.; Smith, Craig R.; Sweetman, Andrew K.; Thurber, Andrew R.; Tjiputra, Jerry; Usseglio, Paolo; Watling, Les; Wu, Tongwen; Yasuhara, Moriaki (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      Ongoing greenhouse gas emissions can modify climate processes and induce shifts in ocean temperature, pH, oxygen concentration, and productivity, which in turn could alter biological and social systems. Here, we provide a ...
    • A Blueprint for an Inclusive, Global Deep-Sea Ocean Decade Field Program 

      Howell, Kerry L.; Hilário, Ana; Allcock, A. Louise; Bailey, David M; Baker, Maria; Clark, Malcolm R.; Colaço, Ana; Copley, Jon; Cordes, Erik; Danovaro, Roberto; Dissanayake, Awantha; Escobar, Elva; Esquete, Patricia; Gallagher, Austin J; Gates, Andrew R.; Gaudron, Sylvie M.; German, Christopher R.; Gjerde, Kristina M; Higgs, Nicholas D.; Le Bris, Nadine; Levin, Lisa A.; Manea, Elisabetta; McClain, Craig; Menot, Lenaick; Mestre, Nélia C.; Metaxas, Anna; Milligan, Rosanna J; Muthumbi, Agnes WN; Narayanaswamy, Bhavani E.; Ramalho, Sofia P.; Ramirez-Llodra, Eva; Robson, Laura M; Rogers, Alex D.; Sellanes, Javier; Sigwart, Julia D.; Sink, Kerry; Snelgrove, Paul V. R.; Stefanoudis, Paris V.; Sumida, Paulo Y.; Taylor, Michelle L.; Thurber, Andrew R.; Vieira, Rui P; Watanabe, Hiromi K.; Woodall, Lucy C.; Xavier, Joana R. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      The ocean plays a crucial role in the functioning of the Earth System and in the provision of vital goods and services. The United Nations (UN) declared 2021–2030 as the UN Decade of Ocean Science for Sustainable Development. ...
    • Community structure of deep fjord and shelf benthic fauna receiving different detrital kelp inputs in northern Norway 

      Ramirez-Llodra, Eva; Pedersen, Torstein; Filbee-Dexter, Karen; Hauquier, Freija; Guilini, Katja; Mikkelsen, Nina; Borgersen, Gunhild; van Gyseghem, Margo; Vanreusel, Ann; Vilas, Daniel (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      Kelp forests produce large amounts of macroalgal detritus, ranging from whole plants to small particles (1 mm). The role of this kelp detritus in fueling deep-sea communities adjacent to healthy kelp forests was investigated ...
    • Ecological Role of Submarine Canyons and Need for Canyon Conservation: A Review 

      Fernández-Arcaya, Ulla; Ramirez-Llodra, Eva; Aguzzi, Jacopo; Allcock, A. Louise; Davies, Jaime; Dissanayake, Awantha; Harris, Peter; Howell, Kerry; Huvenne, Verlee A. I.; Macmillan-Lawler, Miles; Martín, Jacobo; Menot, Lenaick; Nizinski, Martha; Puig, Pere; Rowden, Ashley A.; Sanchez, Florence; Van den Beld, Inge M. J. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Submarine canyons are major geomorphic features of continental margins around the world. Several recent multidisciplinary projects focused on the study of canyons have considerably increased our understanding of their ...
    • Epifaunal and infaunal responses to submarine mine tailings in a Norwegian fjord 

      Trannum, Hilde C; Borgersen, Gunhild; Oug, Eivind; Glette, Tormod; Brooks, Lucy; Ramirez-Llodra, Eva (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Disposal of mine tailings in marine shallow water ecosystems represents an environmental challenge, and the present paper reports results from a field study in Frænfjorden, Norway, which is subject to such disposal. ...
    • Guidelines and best available techniques for submarine tailings disposal in Norwegian fjords: Recommendations from the NYKOS project. 

      Ramirez-Llodra, Eva; Andersen, Guri Sogn; Bekkby, Trine; Brooks, Steven; Escudero-Oñate, Carlos; Gundersen, Hege; Schaanning, Morten; Trannum, Hilde Cecilie; Yakushev, Evgeniy; Baeten, Nicole; Lepland, Aivo; Ibragimova, Olga; Kleiv, Rolf Arne; Nepstad, Raymond; Muñoz, María; Høgaas, Helge; Sandøy, Roar (NIVA-rapport;7430, Research report, 2019)
      The NYKOS project aimed at addressing some of the main knowledge gaps on the environmental impacts of submarine tailing disposal (STD) to facilitate the development of techniques, practices and management measures that ...
    • Habitat features and their influence on the restoration potential of marine habitats in Europe 

      Bekkby, Trine; Papadopoulou, Nadia; Fiorentino, Dario; McOwen, Chris J.; Rinde, Eli; Boström, Christoffer; Carreiro-Silva, Marina; Linares, Cristina; Andersen, Guri Sogn; Bengil, Elizabeth Grace Tunka; Bilan, Meri; Cebrian, Emma; Cerrano, Carlo; Donovaro, Roberto; Fagerli, Camilla With; Fraschetti, Simonetta; Gagnon, Karine; Gambi, Cristina; Gundersen, Hege; Kipson, Silvija; Kotta, Jonne; Morato, Telmo; Ojaveer, Henn; Ramirez-Llodra, Eva (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      To understand the restoration potential of degraded habitats, it is important to know the key processes and habitat features that allow for recovery after disturbance. As part of the EU (Horizon 2020) funded MERCES project, ...
    • Movement of pulsed resource subsidies from kelp forests to deep fjords 

      Filbee-Dexter, Karen; Wernberg, Thomas; Norderhaug, Kjell Magnus; Ramirez-Llodra, Eva; Pedersen, Morten Foldager (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Resource subsidies in the form of allochthonous primary production drive secondary production in many ecosystems, often sustaining diversity and overall productivity. Despite their importance in structuring marine communities, ...
    • New insights into submarine tailing disposal for a reduced environmental footprint: Lessons learnt from Norwegian fjords 

      Ramirez-Llodra, Eva; Trannum, Hilde Cecilie; Andersen, Guri Sogn; Baeten, Nicole; Brooks, Steven; Escudero-Oñate, Carlos; Gundersen, Hege; Kleiv, Rolf Arne; Ibragimova, Olga; Lepland, Aivo; Nepstad, Raymond; Sandøy, Roar; Schaanning, Morten; Shimmield, Tracy; Yakushev, Evgeniy; Ferrando-Climent, Laura; Høgaas, Per Helge (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      Submarine tailing disposal (STD) in fjords from land-based mines is common practice in Norway and takes place in other regions worldwide. We synthesize the results of a multidisciplinary programme on environmental impacts ...
    • Scientific Considerations for the Assessment and Management of Mine Tailings Disposal in the Deep Sea 

      Vare, Lindsay L.; Baker, Maria C.; Howe, John A.; Levin, Lisa A.; Neira, Carlos; Ramirez-Llodra, Eva; Reichelt-Brushett, Amanda; Rowden, Ashley A.; Shimmield, Tracy M.; Simpson, Stuart L.; Soto, Eulogio H. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Deep-sea tailings disposal (DSTD) and its shallow water counterpart, submarine tailings disposal (STD), are practiced in many areas of the world, whereby mining industries discharge processed mud- and rock-waste slurries ...
    • Scientific rationale and international obligations for protection of active hydrothermal vent ecosystems from deep-sea mining 

      van Dover, Cindy Lee; Arnaud-Haond, Sophie; Gianni, Matthew; Helmreich, Stefan G.; Huber, Julie A.; Jaeckel, Aline; Metaxas, Anna; Pendleton, Linwood H.; Petersen, Sven; Ramirez-Llodra, Eva; Steinberg, Philip E.; Tunnicliffe, Verena J.; Yamamoto, Hiroyuki (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      There is increasing interest in mining minerals on the seabed, including seafloor massive sulfide deposits that form at hydrothermal vents. The International Seabed Authority is currently drafting a Mining Code, including ...
    • Strategic Environmental Goals and Objectives: Setting the basis for environmental regulation of deep seabed mining 

      Tunnicliffe, Verena; Metxas, Ana; Le, Jennifer; Ramirez-Llodra, Eva; Levin, Lisa A (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Deep seabed mining is a major new intersection of human enterprise and deep-ocean ecosystems. This paper reviews the concept and process for a holistic approach to planning environmental management in the deep sea based ...