• Comparison of pharmaceutical, illicit drug, alcohol, nicotine and caffeine levels in wastewater with sale, seizure and consumption data for 8 European cities 

      Baz-Lomba, Jose Antonio; Salvatore, Stefania; Gracia-Lor, Emma; Bade, Richard; Castiglioni, Sara; Castrignanò, Erika; Causanilles, Ana; Hernandez, Félix; Kasprzyk-Hordern, Barbara; Kinyua, Juliet; McCall, Ann-Kathrin; van Nuijs, Alexander; Ort, Christoph; Plosz, Benedek G.; Ramin, Pedram; Reid, Malcolm; Rousis, Nikolaos I.; Ryu, Yeonsuk; de Voogt, Pim; Bramness, Jørgen; Thomas, Kevin (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      Background: Monitoring the scale of pharmaceuticals, illicit and licit drugs consumption is important to assess the needs of law enforcement and public health, and provides more information about the different trends within ...
    • Mass spectrometric strategies for the investigation of biomarkers of illicit drug use in wastewater 

      Hernández, Félix; Castiglioni, Sara; Covaci, Adrian; de Voogt, Pim; Emke, Erik; Kasprzyk-Hordern, Barbara; Ort, Christoph; Reid, Malcolm; Sancho, Juan V.; Thomas, Kevin V; van Nuijs, Alexander L.N.; Zuccato, Ettore; Bijlsma, Lubertus (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      The analysis of illicit drugs in urban wastewater is the basis of wastewater‐based epidemiology (WBE), and has received much scientific attention because the concentrations measured can be used as a new non‐intrusive tool ...
    • Passive sampling of wastewater as a tool for the long-term monitoring of community exposure: Illicit and prescription drug trends as a proof of concept 

      Baz-Lomba, Jose Antonio; Harman, Christopher; Reid, Malcolm; Thomas, Kevin V (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      A passive sampling device, the Polar Organic Chemical Integrative Sampler (POCIS), was calibrated in-situ over a 4-week period in Oslo (Norway) for 10 illicit drugs and pharmaceuticals with the goal of developing an approach ...
    • Screening programme 2014: Phosphites, selected PBT substances and non-target screening 

      Thomas, Kevin; Schlabach, Martin; Langford, Katherine; Reid, Malcolm; Fjeld, Eirik; Øxnevad, Sigurd; Rundberget, Thomas; Bæk, Kine; Rostkowski, Pawel; Röhler, Laura; Borgen, Anders (NIVA-rapport;6928-2015, Research report, 2015)
      The occurrence and environmental risk of a number of phosphites and selected PBT substances are reported for wastewater effluents and leachates, as well as sediments and biota from Oslofjord and Lake Mjøsa. In addition a ...
    • Screening Programme 2015: Benzothiazoles, siloxanes, pigments & PBT compounds 

      van Bavel, Bert; Thomas, Kevin V; Langford, Katherine; Reid, Malcolm; Vogelsang, Christian; Øxnevad, Sigurd; Bæk, Kine; Fjeld, Eirik; Brooks, Steven; Schlabach, Martin; Rostkowski, Pawel; Warner, Nick; Borgen, Anders; Halse, Anne Karine; Davanger, Kirsten; Gundersen, Hans (NIVA-rapport;1639-2016, Research report, 2016)
      This report summarizes the findings of a screening study into the occurrence of selected benzothiazoles, siloxanes, pigments & PBT compounds in effluents, sewage sludge, surface water, sediments and biota.