Now showing items 1466-1485 of 2160

    • Quantification of an Adverse Outcome Pathway Network by Bayesian Regression and Bayesian Network Modeling 

      Moe, S. Jannicke; Wolf, Raoul; Xie, Li; Landis, Wayne G.; Kotamäki, Niina; Tollefsen, Knut-Erik (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      The adverse outcome pathway (AOP) framework has gained international recognition as a systematic approach linking mechanistic processes to toxicity endpoints. Nevertheless, successful implementation into risk assessments ...
    • Quantification of Riverbank Macroplastic Contamination in The Lower Citarum River 

      Hidayat, H.; Aisyah, S.; Husrin, S.; Hermana, I.S.; Hurley, Rachel; Olsen, Marianne (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      Plastic waste generation has been increasing over the last decades. Rivers represent complex environments where plastics may be stored and remobilized. Studies on riverine plastic, including riverbank contamination, are ...
    • Quantification of the environmental impact of lumpfish farming through a life cycle assessment 

      Gaeta, Federico Håland; Parolini, Marco; Bacenetti, Jacobo (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      Infestations by the salmon louse (Lepeophtheirus salmonis Krøyer) represents the major fish health problem that the Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) industry has to face. Sea lice infestation has a large impact on the economy ...
    • Quantifying ecological and social drivers of ecological surprise 

      Filbee-Dexter, Karen; Symons, Celia C.; Jones, Kristal; Haig, Heather A.; Pittman, Jeremy; Alexander, Steven M.; Burke, Matthew J. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      1.A key challenge facing ecologists and ecosystem managers is understanding what drives unexpected shifts in ecosystems and limits the effectiveness of human interventions. Research that integrates and analyses data from ...
    • The Quantitative Analysis of Water Mass during Winter on the East China Sea Shelf Using an Extended OMP Analysis 

      Li, Xiaoshuang; Wallhead, Philip; Bellerby, Richard; Liu, Jing; Yang, Anqiang (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      The distribution and quantification of water masses on the East China Sea (ECS) shelf is important for identifying and understanding historical climate-driven changes in ocean properties and circulation in the region. We ...
    • Quantitative assessment of visual microscopy as a tool for microplastic research: Recommendations for improving methods and reporting 

      Kotar, Syd; McNeish, Rae; Murphy-Hagan, Clare; Renick, Violet; Lee, Chih-Fen T.; Steele, Clare; Lusher, Amy; Moore, Charles; Minor, Elisabeth; Schroeder, Joseph; Helm, Paul; Rickabaugh, Keith; De Frond, Hannah; Gesulga, Kristine; Lao, Wenjian; Munno, Keenan; Hampton, Leah M. Thornton; Weisberg, Stephen B.; Wong, Charles S.; Amarpuri, Gaurav; Andrews, Robert C.; Barnett, Steven M.; Christiansen, Silke; Cowger, Win; Crampond, Kévin; Du, Fangni; Gray, Andrew B.; Hankett, Jeanne; Ho, Kay; Jaeger, Julia; Lilley, Claire; Mai, Lei; Mina, Odette; Lee, Eunah; Primpke, Sebastian; Singh, Samiksha; Skovly, Joakim; Slifko, Theresa; Sukumaran, Suja; van Bavel, Bert; Van Brocklin, Jennifer; Vollnhals, Florian; Wu, Chenxi; Rochman, Chelsea M. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      Microscopy is often the first step in microplastic analysis and is generally followed by spectroscopy to confirm material type. The value of microscopy lies in its ability to provide count, size, color, and morphological ...
    • Quantitative fatty acid signature analysis reveals a high level of dietary specialization in killer whales across the North Atlantic 

      Remili, Anaïs; Dietz, Rune; Sonne, Christian; Samarra, Filipa I. P.; Rikardsen, Audun H.; Kettemer, Lisa Elena; Ferguson, Steven H.; Watt, Cortney A.; Matthews, Cory J. D.; Kiszka, Jeremy J.; Jourdain, Eve Marie; Borgå, Katrine; Ruus, Anders; Granquist, Sandra M.; Rosing-Asvid, Aqqalu; McKinney, Melissa A. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      1. Quantifying the diet composition of apex marine predators such as killer whales (Orcinus orca) is critical to assessing their food web impacts. Yet, with few excep- tions, the feeding ecology of these apex predators ...
    • Radiation effects and ecological processes in a freshwater microcosm 

      Hevrøy, Tanya H; Golz, Anna-Lea; Hansen, Elisabeth L; Xie, Li; Bradshaw, Clare (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      Ecosystem response to gamma radiation exposure depends on the different species sensitivities and the multitude of direct and indirect pathways by which individual organisms can be affected, including the potential for ...
    • Rapid colonization of aquatic communities in an urban stream after daylighting 

      Baho, Didier L; Arnott, David; Myrstad, Karoline D; Schneider, Susanne C; Moe, Therese F (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      Restoring aquatic ecosystems is still at an early stage and the outcomes of the remediation techniques used are often not reported, which limit opportunities to learn and further improve these methods. One common remediation ...
    • Rapid development of fast and flexible environmental models: the Mobius framework v1.0 

      Norling, Magnus Dahler; Jackson-Blake, Leah Amber; Calidonio, José-Luis Guerrero; Sample, James Edward (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      The Mobius model building system is a new open-source framework for building fast and flexible environmental models. Mobius makes it possible for researchers with limited programming experience to build performant models ...
    • Rapid expansion of the invasive oyster Crassostrea gigas at its northern distribution limit in Europe: Naturally dispersed or introduced? 

      Angles d'Auriac, Marc; Rinde, Eli; Norling, Pia Carina; Lapegue, Sylvie; Staalstrøm, Andre; Hjermann, Dag Øystein; Thaulow, Jens (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      The Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas, was introduced to Europe for aquaculture purposes, and has had a rapid and unforeseen northward expansion in northern Europe. The recent dramatic increase in number of C. gigas ...
    • Rapport fra workshop med norske interessenter om overvåking av forsøpling 

      Falk-Andersson, Jannike; Haar, Marthe Larsen; Thorstensen, Helene Skjeie; Bårdsdatter, Helga; Rød, Anja Meland (NIVA-rapport;7865-2023, Research report, 2023)
      Denne rapporten oppsummerer innspill fra deltagere under workshop holdt med norske interessenter på temaet «Overvåkning av forsøpling, med fokus på makroplast». Formålet med workshopen var å diskutere utfordringer og ...
    • Re-calibration of the MAGIC model with data from the National Lake Survey 2019. 

      Kaste, Øyvind; Norling, Magnus Dahler; Austnes, Kari; Cosby, Bernard J.; Wright, Richard Frederic (NIVA-rapport;7799-2022, Research report, 2022)
      The MAGIC model (Model for Acidification of Groundwater In Catchments) was calibrated to the Norwegian 1000-lake survey data from both 1995 and 2019. The re-survey in 2019 provided a new point in time for generation of new ...
    • Re-calibration of the MAGIC model with data from the National Lake Survey 2019. Results from phase 2 

      Kaste, Øyvind; Norling, Magnus Dahler; Balkoni, Areti; Austnes, Kari; Cosby, Bernard J.; Wright, Richard F. (NIVA-rapport;7915-2023, Research report, 2023)
      The biogeochemical MAGIC model has been applied to the data from the 1995 and 2019 surveys of 1000 Norwegian lakes. The work is a follow-up of a modelling exercise that was done in 2022, with improved input data and with ...
    • Re-Meandering of lowland streams: Will disobeying the laws of geomorphology have ecological consequences? 

      Pedersen, Morten Lauge; Kristensen, Klaus Kevin; Friberg, Nikolai (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2014)
      We evaluated the restoration of physical habitats and its influence on macroinvertebrate community structure in 18 Danish lowland streams comprising six restored streams, six streams with little physical alteration and six ...
    • Recent advances in understanding and measurement of mercury in the environment: Terrestrial Hg cycling 

      Bishop, Kevin; Shanley, James B.; Riscassi, Ami; de Wit, Heleen; Eklöf, Karin; Meng, Bo; Mitchell, Carl; Osterwalder, Stefan; Schuster, Paul F.; Webster, Jackson; Zhu, Wei (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      This review documents recent advances in terrestrial mercury cycling. Terrestrial mercury (Hg) research has matured in some areas, and is developing rapidly in others. We summarize the state of the science circa 2010 as a ...
    • A recipe for plastic: expert insights on plastic additives in the marine environment 

      Maes, Thomas; Preston-Whyte, Fiona; Lavelle, Stephanie; Gomiero, Alessio; Booth, Andy; Belzunce-Segarra, Maria Jesus; Bellas, Juan; Brooks, Steven; Bakir, Adil; Devriese, Lisa; Pham, Christopher K.; De Witte, Bavo P. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      The production and consumption of plastic products had been steadily increasing over the years, leading to more plastic waste entering the environment. Plastic pollution is ubiquitous and comes in many types and forms. To ...
    • Recolonization and recovery of an Arctic benthic community subject to mine-tailings deposits 

      Trannum, Hilde C; Pedersen, Kristine B.; Renaud, Paul E; Christensen, Guttorm N.; Evenset, Anita (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      Deposition of large volumes of mine tailings takes place in several Norwegian fjords, but the impacts on marine ecosystems have received relatively little scientific attention. At a 40 + −year old tailing deposition area ...
    • Recovery of benthic algal assemblages from acidification: how long does it take, and is there a link to eutrophication? 

      Schneider, Susanne Claudia; Oulehle, Filip; Krám, Pavel; Hruška, Jakub (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Acidification has adversely affected freshwater ecosystems in many areas, and recovery from acidification is often interrupted by acidic events. We lack detailed information about how benthic algae react to short-term ...