• Changes in drug use in European cities during early COVID-19 lockdowns – A snapshot from wastewater analysis 

      Been, Frederic; Emke, Erik; Matias, João; Baz-Lomba, Jose Antonio; Boogaerts, Tim; Castiglioni, Sara; Campos-Mañas, Marina; Celma, Alberto; Covaci, Adrian; de Voogt, Pim; Hernández, Félix; Kasprzyk-Hordern, Barbara; ter Laak, Thomas; Reid, Malcolm James; Salgueiro-González, Noelia; Steenbeek, Ruud; van Nuijs, Alexander L.N.; Zuccato, Ettore; Bijlsma, Lubertus (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      The COVID-19 outbreak has forced countries to introduce severe restrictive measures to contain its spread. In particular, physical distancing and restriction of movement have had important consequences on human behaviour ...
    • Drug Use by Music Festival Attendees: A Novel Triangulation Approach Using Self-Reported Data and Test Results of Oral Fluid and Pooled Urine Samples 

      Gjerde, Hallvard; Gjersing, Linn; Baz-Lomba, Jose Antonio; Bijlsma, Lubertus; Salgueiro-González, Noelia; Furuhaugen, Håvard; Bretteville-Jensen, Anne Line; Hernández, Félix; Castiglioni, Sara; Amundsen, Ellen Johanna; Zuccato, Ettore (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Background: Self-reported data are commonly used when investigating illicit substance use. However, self-reports have well-known limitations such as limited recall and socially desirable responding. Mislabeling or adulteration ...
    • Enantiomeric profiling of chiral illicit drugs in a pan-European study 

      Castrignanò, Erika; Yang, Zhugen; Bade, Richard; Baz-Lomba, Jose A; Castiglioni, Sara; Causanilles, Ana; Covaci, Adrian; Gracia-Lor, Emma; Hernandez, Félix; Kinyua, Juliet; McCall, Ann-Kathrin; van Nuijs, Alexander L N; Ort, Christoph; Plosz, Benedek G; Ramin, Pedram; Rousis, Nikolaos I; Ryu, Yeonsuk; Thomas, Kevin V; de Voogt, Pim; Zuccato, Ettore; Kasprzyk-Hordern, Barbara (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      The aim of this paper is to present the first study on spatial and temporal variation in the enantiomeric profile of chiral drugs in eight European cities. Wastewater-based epidemiology (WBE) and enantioselective analysis ...
    • Mass spectrometric strategies for the investigation of biomarkers of illicit drug use in wastewater 

      Hernández, Félix; Castiglioni, Sara; Covaci, Adrian; de Voogt, Pim; Emke, Erik; Kasprzyk-Hordern, Barbara; Ort, Christoph; Reid, Malcolm; Sancho, Juan V.; Thomas, Kevin V; van Nuijs, Alexander L.N.; Zuccato, Ettore; Bijlsma, Lubertus (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      The analysis of illicit drugs in urban wastewater is the basis of wastewater‐based epidemiology (WBE), and has received much scientific attention because the concentrations measured can be used as a new non‐intrusive tool ...
    • Monitoring psychoactive substance use at six European festivals through wastewater and pooled urine analysis 

      Bijlsma, Lubertus; Celma, Alberto; Castiglioni, Sara; Salgueiro-González, Noelia; Bou-Iserte, Lledó; Baz Lomba, Jose Antonio; Reid, Malcolm James; Dias, Mário João Rodrigues; Lopes, Alvaro; Matias, João; Pastor-Alcañiz, Laura; Radonić, Jelena L.; Turk Sekulic, Sekulic; Shine, Trevor; van Nuijs, Alexander L.N.; Hernández, Félix; Zuccato, Ettore (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      The consumption of psychoactive substances is considered a growing problem in many communities. Moreover, new psychoactive substances (NPS) designed as (legal) substitutes to traditional illicit drugs are relatively easily ...
    • Spatio-temporal assessment of illicit drug use at large scale: evidence from 7 years of international wastewater monitoring 

      González-Mariño, Iria; Baz-Lomba, Jose Antonio; Alygizakis, Nikiforos; Andres-Costa, Maria Jesus; Bade, Richard; Bannwarth, Anne; Barron, Leon-P; Been, Frederic; Benaglia, Lisa; Berset, Jean-Daniel; Bijlsma, Lubertus; Bodík, Igor; Brenner, Asher; Brock, Andreas L.; Burgard, Dan; Castrignanò, Erika; Celma, Alberto; Christophoridis, Christophoros; Covaci, Adrian; Emke, Erik; Devault, Damien A.; Dias, Mário J.; Esseiva, Pierre; Fatta-Kassinos, Despo; Fedorova, Ganna; Fytianos, Konstantinos; Gerber, Cobus; Grabic, Roman; Gracia-Lor, Emma; Grüner, Stefan; Gunnar, Teemu; Hapeshi, Evroula; Heath, Ester; Helm, Björn; Hernández, Félix; Kankaanpaa, Aino; Karolak, Sara; Kasprzyk-Hordern, Barbara; Krizman-Matasic, Ivona; Lai, Foon Yin; Lechowicz, Wojciech; Lopes, Alvaro; de Alda, Miren López; López-García, Ester; Löve, Arndís S. C.; Mastroianni, Nicola; McEneff, Gillian L.; Montes, Rosa; Munro, Kelly; Nefau, Thomas; Oberacher, Herbert; O'Brien, Jake; Oertel, Reinhard; Ólafsdóttir, Kristín; Pico, Yolanda; Plósz, Benedek G.; Polesel, Fabio; Postigo, Cristina; Quintana, José Benito; Ramin, Pedram; Reid, Malcolm James; Rice, Jack; Rodil, Rosario; Salgueiro-González, Noelia; Schubert, Sara; Senta, Ivan; Simoes, Susana Sadler; Sremacki, Maja M.; Styszko, Katarzyna; Terzic, Senka; Thomaidis, Nikolaos S.; Thomas, Kevin V; Tscharke, Benjamin; Udrisard, Robin; van Nuijs, Alexander L.N.; Yargeau, Viviane; Zuccato, Ettore; Castiglioni, Sara; Ort, Christoph (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Background and aims. Wastewater‐based epidemiology is an additional indicator of drug use that is gaining reliability to complement the current established panel of indicators. The aims of this study were to: (i) assess ...