Viser treff 1-20 av 7756

    • Exploring dynamics of riverine phosphorus exports under future climate change using a process-based catchment model 

      Yindong, Tong; Ziwei, Chen; Yingting, Wen; Miao, Qi; Yuyi, Wang; Mengshi, Zhu; Lin, Yan; Jian, Sha; Hefeng, Zhang; Ruonan, Wang; Xuejun, Wang (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      A quantitative understanding of riverine phosphorus (P) export in response to shifts in anthropogenic inputs, terrestrial retention, and climate is important for developing mitigation measures at a watershed scale. In this ...
    • Endocrine-disrupting chemicals used as common plastic additives: Levels, profiles, and human dietary exposure from the Indian food basket 

      Chakraborty, Paromita; Bharat, Girija K.; Gaonkar, Omkar; Mukhopadhyay, Moitraiyee; Chandra, Sarath; Steindal, Eirik Hovland; Nizzetto, Luca (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      Endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs) such as phthalic acid esters (PAEs) and bisphenol A (BPA) are the most widely used plastic additives in polymeric materials. These EDCs are ubiquitously distributed in the environment. ...
    • Overvåking av Ytre Oslofjord 2019-2023. Tilførsler og undersøkelser i vannmassene i 2021. Fagrapport 

      Engesmo, Anette; Staalstrøm, Andre; Gran-Stadniczeñko, Sandra; Kaste, Øyvind (NIVA-rapport;7759-2022, Research report, 2022)
      Det er beregnet teoretiske, kildebaserte tilførsler av fosfor og nitrogen til Ytre Oslofjord for 2020. Jordbruk var største enkeltkilde for tilførsler av både menneskeskapt fosfor og nitrogen. Tilførsler fra befolkning ...
    • Tilpasning av en kvantitativ PCR metode for deteksjon av Prymnesium parvum i sjøvann 

      Dale, Trine; Anglès d'Auriac, Marc; Hobæk, Anders (NIVA-rapport;7757-2022, Research report, 2022)
      Et fellestrekk ved flere av de algene som skaper problemer i akvakultur er at den konvensjonelle metoden for deteksjon og mengdebestemmelse er mikroskop. Når det gjelder skadelige alger er mange arter små og skjøre og blir ...
    • Overvågning af åbne danske farvande med FerryBox-systemer. Eksempler fra Indre Danske Farvande og Nordsøen 

      Murray, Ciaran Joseph; Andersen, Jesper Harbo; Carstensen, Jacob; Jakobsen, Hans H. (NIVA-rapport;7761-2022, Research report, 2022)
      Dette projekt har haft til formål at undersøge hvordan målinger fra FerryBox kan anvendes i moniteringen af det danske havmiljø, herunder (1) hvordan målinger af klorofyl-fluorescens kan supplere in situ-målinger som ...
    • ØKOKYST – DP Norskehavet Sør, Årsrapport 2021 

      Deininger, Anne; Bekkby, Trine; Trannum, Hilde Cecilie; Borgersen, Gunhild; Eikrem, Wenche; Fagerli, Camilla With; Frigstad, Helene; Harvey, E. Therese; Heggem, Thomas; Mengeot, Caroline; Kvile, Kristina Øie; Tveiten, Lise Ann (NIVA-rapport;7746-2022, Research report, 2022)
      Overvåkingsprogrammet "Økosystemovervåking i Kystvann – Økokyst" har til hensikt å overvåke miljøtilstanden langs norskekysten i henhold til vannforskriften. Økokyst delprogram Norskehavet Sør dekker kyststrekningen fra ...
    • Is Glacial Meltwater a Secondary Source of Legacy Contaminants to Arctic Coastal Food Webs? 

      Mcgovern, Maeve; Warner, Nicholas Alexander; Borgå, Katrine; Evenset, Anita; Carlsson, Pernilla Marianne; Skogsberg, Stina Linnea Emelie; Søreide, Janne; Ruus, Anders; Christensen, Guttorm; Poste, Amanda (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      Climate change-driven increases in air and sea temperatures are rapidly thawing the Arctic cryosphere with potential for remobilization and accumulation of legacy persistent organic pollutants (POPs) in adjacent coastal ...
    • Eutrofiovervåking i Ytre Oslofjord 2019-2023. Bentosundersøkelser i 2021. Fagrapport 

      Gitmark, Janne Kim; Fagerli, Camilla With; Walday, Mats Gunnar (NIVA-rapport;7758-2022, Research report, 2022)
      Overvåkingsprogrammet for Ytre Oslofjord har fokus på å fremskaffe informasjon om miljøtilstanden med hensyn til eutrofiering, blant annet hos organismesamfunn på bunnen. I 2021 ble det gjennomført undersøkelser av flora ...
    • Diversified Farming Systems: Impacts and Adaptive Responses to the COVID-19 Pandemic in the United States, Norway and China 

      Måren, Inger Elisabeth; Wiig, Heidi; McNeal, Kathryn; Wang, Sally; Zu, Sebrina; Cao, Ren; Fürst, Kathinka; Marsh, Robin (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      The COVID-19 pandemic fully exposed the vulnerability of the global agri-food system to shocks and stresses, highlighting the need for transformation and action to make it more resilient and inclusive. This paper offers a ...
    • Accumulation and distribution of microplastics in coastal sediments from the inner Oslofjord, Norway 

      Bronzo, Laura; Lusher, Amy L.; Schøyen, Merete; Morigi, Caterina (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      Microplastic presence in benthic marine systems is a widely discussed topic. The influence of the natural matrix on microplastic distribution within the sedimentary matrix is often overlooked. Marine sediments from the ...
    • Characterization of tire and road wear microplastic particle contamination in a road tunnel: From surface to release 

      Rødland, Elisabeth Strandbråten; Lind, Ole Christian; Reid, Malcolm James; Heier, Lene Sørlie; Skogsberg, Emelie; Snilsberg, Brynhild; Gryteselv, Dagfin; Meland, Sondre (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      Road pollution is one of the major sources of microplastic particles to the environment. The distribution of tire, polymer-modified bitumen (PMB) and tire and road wear particles (TRWP) in different tunnel compartments ...
    • Plastics in biosolids from 1950 to 2016: A function of global plastic production and consumption 

      Okoffo, Elvis D.; Donner, Erica; McGrath, Steve P.; Tscharke, Benjamin J.; O'Brien, Jake W.; O'Brien, Stacey; Ribeiro, Francisca; Burrows, Stephen D.; Toapanta, Tania; Rauert, Cassandra; Samanipour, Saer; Mueller, Jochen F.; Thomas, Kevin V (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      Plastics are ubiquitous contaminants that leak into the environment from multiple pathways including the use of treated sewage sludge (biosolids). Seven common plastics (polymers) were quantified in the solid fraction of ...
    • Current State of Microplastic Pollution Research Data: Trends in Availability and Sources of Open Data 

      Jenkins, Tia; Persaud, Bhaleka D.; Cowger, Win; Szigeti, Kathy; Roche, Dominique G.; Clary, Erin; Slowinski, Stephanie; Lei, Benjamin; Abeynayaka, Amila; Nyadjro, Ebenezer S.; Maes, Thomas; Thornton Hampton, Leah; Bergmann, Melanie; Aherne, Julian; Mason, Sherri A.; Honek, John F.; Rezanezhad, Fereidoun; Lusher, Amy; Booth, Andy; Smith, Rodney D. L.; Van Cappellen, Philippe (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      The rapid growth in microplastic pollution research is influencing funding priorities, environmental policy, and public perceptions of risks to water quality and environmental and human health. Ensuring that environmental ...
    • Passive Sampling Helps the Appraisal of Contaminant Bioaccumulation in Norwegian Fish Used for Regulatory Chemical Monitoring 

      Allan, Ian; Vrana, Branislav; Ruus, Anders (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      Hexachlorobenzene (HCB), listed on the Stockholm Convention on persistent organic pollutants and regulated as a hazardous priority pollutant by the Water Framework Directive (WFD), is ubiquitously distributed in the ...
    • The MicroClimate Screen – A microscale climate exposure system for assessing the effect of CO2, temperature and UV on marine microalgae 

      Xie, Li; Macken, Ailbhe; Johnsen, Bjørn; Norli, Marit; Skogan, Odd Arne Segtnan; Tollefsen, Knut-Erik (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      Global warming and anthropogenic activities are changing the ocean, inducing profound impacts on marine life and ecosystems from changing physical and chemical factors in and above the water column. Rising surface temperatures, ...
    • Nordic Blue Carbon Ecosystems: Status and Outlook 

      Krause-Jensen, Dorte; Gundersen, Hege; Björk, Mats; Gullström, Martin; Dahl, Martin; Asplund, Maria E.; Boström, Christoffer; Holmer, Marianne; Banta, Gary T.; Graversen, Anna Elizabeth Løvgren; Pedersen, Morten Foldager; Bekkby, Trine; Frigstad, Helene; Skjellum, Solrun Figenschau; Thormar, Jonas; Gyldenkærne, Steen; Howard, Jennifer; Pidgeon, Emily; Ragnarsdóttir, Sunna Björk; Mols-Mortensen, Agnes; Hancke, Kasper (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      Vegetated coastal and marine habitats in the Nordic region include salt marshes, eelgrass meadows and, in particular, brown macroalgae (kelp forests and rockweed beds). Such habitats contribute to storage of organic carbon ...
    • Seasonal forecasting of lake water quality and algal bloom risk using a continuous Gaussian Bayesian network 

      Jackson-Blake, Leah Amber; Clayer, Francois; Haande, Sigrid; Sample, James Edward; Moe, S. Jannicke (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      Freshwater management is challenging, and advance warning that poor water quality was likely, a season ahead, could allow for preventative measures to be put in place. To this end, we developed a Bayesian network (BN) for ...
    • Estimating nutrient thresholds for eutrophication management: Novel insights from understudied lake types 

      Poikane, Sandra; Kelly, Martyn G.; Várbíró, Gábor; Borics, Gábor; Erős, Tibor; Hellsten, Seppo; Kolada, Agnieszka; Lukács, Balázs András; Solheim, Anne Lyche; Pahissa López, José; Willby, Nigel J.; Wolfram, Georg; Phillips, Geoff (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      Nutrient targets based on pressure-response models are essential for defining ambitions and managing eutrophication. However, the scale of biogeographical variation in these pressure-response relationships is poorly ...
    • Small circles: The role of physical distance in plastics recycling 

      Havas, Vilma; Falk-Andersson, Jannike; Deshpande, Paritosh (Journal article, 2022)
      Circular economy (CE) strategies are central in solving the waste management challenges of today, yet the global nature of the waste trade results in emissions and the export of negative environmental externalities to ...
    • Mercury in air and soil on an urban-rural transect in East Africa 

      Nipen, Maja; Jørgensen, Susanne Jøntvedt; Bohlin-Nizzetto, Pernilla; Borgå, Katrine; Breivik, Knut; Mmochi, Aviti J; Mwakalapa, Eliezer; Quant, M. Isabel; Schlabach, Martin; Vogt, Rolf David; Wania, Frank (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      There are large knowledge gaps concerning concentrations, sources, emissions, and spatial trends of mercury (Hg) in the atmosphere in developing regions of the Southern Hemisphere, particularly in urban areas. Filling these ...